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Human augmentation for physical experience

Human augmentation is one of the latest and interesting technology. It uses few technologies to enhances the progress, knowledge, and experience of...

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The latest technology for analysis

Data mining is one of the interesting and important technology for most of the enterprises. It helps to search the raw fact...

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Human augmentation for physical experience

Human augmentation is one of the latest and interesting technology. It uses few technologies to enhances the progress, knowledge, and experience of the person such as augmented reality, virtual...

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The technological tutorials are such a great platform to develop new and latest technologies without getting any help from others. That are explaining detailed about every topic, it is...

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The latest technologies are one of the impressive and important need for this world. There are also enough technologies that are invented and running successfully in this world. These...

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Technology development in the mobile world


Mobile phones are the most important thing considered by every human being. Even children are started to use mobile phones. Without phones, they even won’t eat the food. People are getting addicted to phones a lot. It comes with all features, so people need not move from their place. Each and everything will be inbuilt in the phone and if we need some other applications for our usage, we can download them or purchase them from the play store. Mobile phones can be carried to all places without any issues. It contains A to Z facilities in it. It replaces many electronic gadgets work. People now got trends in the development of new mobile phones. They wish to change their phones often due to the new technology implemented in the developing mobiles. Each and every phone contains some different options to attract customers. Nowadays the whole world is running behind technology development, in that mobile phones play a major role. People can’t even imagine life without phones. The day would stop without mobile phones. It becomes an extra hand to the users. Many mobile companies also launching in the market year by year.
What are the techniques implemented in the mobile phone?
There are many latest technologies have been inbuilt in the mobile phone. Each user’s mindset will differ, some like to have some basic techniques for their use and some will go for advanced levels. It all depends upon their work nature and usage of the phones. Some people will spend most of their time on mobile phones to develop their work. Even homemade workers and students need the mobile to follow their daily work routine. The latest technologies found in mobile phones are,
Camera: This is the main thing we check on our new phone. It replaces the work of the digital camera. People mostly use their mobile phones for taking pictures and selfies. This memory can be stored for a long time and we can frame the mobile pictures too. The clarity of the mobile phones is equal to the digital camera and pixel resolution also high. So, there is no blurring found in the picture. Every moment in our life is captured in mobile phones first then normal cameras. As the technology developed, the camera pixels also have been started to increase, which is used for clarity in videos and images.
Security level: The security level in mobile phones has been improved a lot to safeguard the user’s personality. Each and every application can be locked on our phones. So, if someone tries to use our phone without our knowledge, they can’t open our phone without passwords. Some high-security levels have also been implemented on the phone. Even though the passwords can be easily tracked by other people so to avoid this fingerprint sensors and face recognition sensors are found on the phone. These data cannot be stolen by someone only the particular person can activate the phone. And the main thing is, if we miss our mobile phones by mistake it can be easily tracked and we can find our mobile phones in a short period of time. Every mobile will have a unique IME number, by tracking that number people can found their phone at ease. It secures our mobile phones from thieves because they can’t use our mobile phones and it will be totally waste for them.
Memory capacity: Nowadays mobile phones have huge memory capacity to store a lot of applications, images, and photos. But in past, we can’t store more information on our phones. If the information exceeds the memory capacity, the phone will get too stuck so to avoid this issue the memory capacity has been increased. It nearly extends up to 128GB and external memory also extends up to 256GB. That’s why people can store more information on the phone. We keep our phones always with us so people store most of the personal information on the phone for a quick view. For working people, they need to download more applications for their use. This can be done only with huge memory storage only. So, this technology is the most important thing to all and phone hanging can be also avoided here.
Models of the phone: The phone model is also one of the things that were changed due to technological development. In past, there were no touch mobiles and android phones too. We use normal black and white mobile phones with a button system. It is somewhat difficult to operate mobile phones and takes a lot of time, but after the technology development, everything on the mobile phone changed. The touch screen and colored systems were introduced. It attracts lots of people to use their phones. The phones also become slim and easy to use. We can hold it comfortably and it gives some pride to us by using the latest model of mobile phones. The colors also vary here, some will go with dark color and some likes to have unique colors. This all done by advanced technology only.
Different gadgets found in mobile phones: The mobile phone comprises many gadgets on it. It replaces the watch, camera, messenger, gaming world, telephones, computers, etc., because everything got inbuilt in the mobile phones themselves. Even though many gadgets have been installed default in it. The food apps also found nowadays; it reduces many of our works. Everything will be possible with mobile phones and we can get all those things on doorsteps too. Many different kinds of applications were found on mobile phones. We can see our closed ones through video calls, we can feel their presence all time. It all possible by technology development without it nothing is possible here. The long relationship gets more advantageous by this technique. Even eye protection techniques also implemented you protect our eyes affecting from the rays.
Really mobile phone development is a boon to all people. We can search for whatever we need, but we should not use misuse of mobile phones. There should be always limitations in the usage.

CAMP XRAY Technology

Camp Xray is our off grid home away from home. Its a basic country lodge design, with kitchen, beds, compost toilet, and of course wood sauna. THERE IS NO ELECTRIC POWER or running water! It’s electromagnetic signature is null!

Camp Xray is surrounded by wilderness, as is most of this part of the country.  There are other cottages nearby, but privacy is not an issue. It’s the place to recharge, relax, and to prepare for training excursions in the the surrounding areas. Its been a part of our family for a very long time.

Main House

Small house

Wood shack

 Water

Future updates to Camp Xray

 Radio ops and excursions

Main House

The main house has the following facilities

propane powered stove

four sleeping spaces

wood burning fireplace

cool storage

dinning table

social area

Small house

Wood sauna and water purification tank

changing room

sleeping for two

fireplace

compost toilet

primitive workshop

Wood shack

The wood shack is a primitive building filled with firewood cut from the surrounding forest. If wood is used for sauna or fireplace, its replaced with wood cut from the local forest.

 Water

Water is obtained from the lake which is just meters from the main house. No effort has been taken to bring running water into the house or sauna building. Instead, water is collected from the lake, then boiled in the wood sauna oven. Drinking water can be prepared from filtered lake water, or collected by boiling snow, but generally, we bring fresh spring water for food preparation, coffee, …

Future updates to Camp Xray

Collecting rain water

We have discussed a water collection system for Camp Xray. So we decided to build a small system at our home to test how practical this sort of thing would be. Currently all of our home crops are hydrated using collected rain water. If we can expand this system without it becoming too complex, we my also apply what we learn to Camp Xray.

Solar panels

During last months test “7 days Survival off grid with a 13 watt solar panel” the idea of permanently installing a large solar array has become a reality. There are currently two ideas on this topic. The first is a mobile solar array as outlined by 8DigitPDX on YouTube. The second idea is my own and would include a four panel upgradable array, 100 watts each to start, with Genasun MTTP charge controller, and deep cycles battery bank for energy storage. This would allow us to install LED lighting, and a solar warm water heater for the sauna room. If we would dare to be optimistic, an automatic water pump to bring water from the collected watr tank, through water purification filters and into the main house and sauna rooms for relatively fresh drinking and shower water.

Apple trees

Planting fruit and vegetables is an important part of any home or retreat. 8DigitPDX was discussion the benefits of tree care at his retreat. Based on that video, we are entertaining the idea of apple trees at Camp Xray. Apple trees would not be a new thing there. However, harsh winters and a lack and care and maintenance, killed off the last of them about a decade ago. I think we will discuss it as a family, and decide how to proceed. Ill take the responsibility of their care, so I don’t see any issues regarding replanting them.

 Radio ops and excursions

Hiking Excursions

Camp Xray has the luxury of nature paths and trails encircling the lake upon which is sits. These trails and paths are an excellent opportunity to head out into the forest fr camping or distant hiking. One most take care as there is wild life which can and will kill you! Bears, wolverines, viper snakes, wolves, … Still there is no reason why not to enjoy the surrounding areas for camping, hiking, photography or comms expeditions.

Water excursions

 The most obvious point of Camp Xray is that it sits right upon a large lake. The lake has many islands which are only accessible by boat, kayak, or Recon Marine. A few of the islands are privately owned, but the majority are public lands and good sports of radio excursions.

HF Ops

There are no permanently installed antennas for HF at Camp Xray. They were removed in favor of portable antennas installed in trees, or from make-shift mounts for field stations. The reason for this was Camp Xtrays height above sea level, and proximity to the lake. Most HF bands can be worked from Camp Xray with modest antennas during most times of day. This is true from HF to 6 meters. With that said, quite often, Russian operators can be a problem when wanting to work DX from Camp Xray.

Portable APRS Digipeater & Igate

Whenever we populate the Camp Xray, a portable digipeater and Igate is setup using an android smartphone and CCW Digi Tracker.  This allows us to keep an a log of navigation during excursions, provides two way digital comms between the CX and explorers, and provides a beacon to get back to if lost in the forest on out on the lake. We usually  choose whether to use a private APRS network, or to integrate into the local APRS RF network which is about 40km away at the closest digipeater.

The Digi tracker setup is actually quite cool. Its an expansion on my APRS Pelicase Portable Igate, Digipeater, & Messaging  video from a couple of months ago.

 Internet access at the Camp Xray

Internet access is provided through a device called the N+4G. Its a  4G wireless router, access point, and network switch. Its powered over USB, using a 12v battery, 12v to USB adapter, solar panel and charge controller.  There is also a yagi antenna connected to the device, and aimed at the closest base station, which gives us a solid and sustainable 10M internet connection with 26ms ping. Its a flat rate connection and can be used without additional costs, no matter how much we upload or download.

QRP EXPEDITION GEAR

Man-portable Comms can be as simple as operating while walking with the dogs, hiking or biking, or as complex as an expedition to some unknown place on a distant mountain top. No matter what we are doing or where we are activating from, we try to use these excursions as learning experience to improve our off-grid comms expertise.

Training for Survival, Emergencies or …

 Man-portable activities

Radios, Antennas & Tech

Yaesu FT-817ND

ATX-Walkabout portable antenna

 Portable Power

Internal Power

External Power packs

Recharging

Navigation

Samsung Galaxy Hardcover

Garmin Etrex

Garmin foreTrex 101

Packs and equipment carrying

Halti Base 80 (Expedition Pack)

Condor 3-day Assault Pack

CamelBak Hydration Pack (1 Day Pack)

Tents and shelters

 Cooking gear

 Sleeping gear

Training for Survival, Emergencies or …

Man-portable ops is an excellent way to improve your SHTF comms skills. Often, portable operations whether Field Stations or man-portable, is quite often the most difficult environment to operate in. If you can successfully operate away from your shack, having only your wits and the gear you carry, you will be able to operate in any conditions. One of the ways I enjoy training, is with a radio biathlon. A radio biathlon is an multi-day event where one walks, hikes, or marches a predetermined distance of 16/24/30km on the first day, stopping to camp, then repeating the hike on the second day, all the while taking time to make radio contacts on HF & 6 meters, with all gear being carried by the individual. These kind of ops promote physical fitness, comms competence, and practical experience with your electronics during grid down situations.

 Man-portable activities

The Comms gear I carry is unique to each excursion. However, usually there is a core kit that makes up the base gear, regardless of the activities for any particular outing. So having different reasons for heading out into the wilderness. Here are some of ours the things I am doing out there:

Reaching those remote locations for amateur radio purposes

Reaching a remote location for the purpose of photography or videography

Testing camping/hiking/survival gear

For launching RC planes or multi-rotors for scenic FPV flight recordings.

Geo-Caching

Radios, Antennas & Tech

No matter what the reasons is for the excursion, I always carry primary comms. This comes in the form of a VHF/UHF dual- or tri-bander radio. The other equipment listed is for safety, convenience, or to solve some specific technical requirement.

Dual band VHF/UHF rig (FM)

APRS beacon

GPS receiver

Multi-band HF/VHF/UHF rig

SWL and FM broadcast band radio.

License free radio (PMR, FRS, …)

My personal comms gear is outlined below. I won’t be carrying all of this gear all the time. I usually mix it up day to day for testing purposes. For RaDAR and other portable activations, or for working while hiking, I use the Yaesu FT-817ND. I’ve owned one since 2003 and carried it with to many different countries. Recently, my originalFT-817 was irreparably damaged. Now thanks to the good nature of old friends and hams, my (used but excellent condition) replacement, should have arrived, by the time you read this.

Yaesu FT-817ND

Yaesu FT-817ND (DX comms and SWL) Many of my friends and associates use the Yaesu FT-897, but my problem with it ism it’s very difficult to work with while actually moving on foot. In contrast, the 817, with internalbattery pack and an antenna such as a mono-band whip or the ATX, gives you an opportunity to work dx while actually hiking. Moreover, the amount of gear needed to get the 817 on the band, seems far less than some larger radios. The cost of smaller size? That’s easy, its the output power!

ATX-Walkabout portable antenna

The ATX Walkabout is an amazing antenna. I have owned this one since 2003 and would never consider parting ways with it as long as I am into /P QRP operations. The tap points for specific bands simplifies operations-

One must use a counterpoise with that antenna, or tining will be next to impossible. Moreover, the antenna is quite picky about the length of the coutnerpoise on 20, 30, 40, and 80 meters. Above that, it doesn’t care if there is a counterpoise or not, but performance is increased when using one.

 Portable Power

I thought it important to do a small section here in portable power. Portable power can be an incredibly valuable tool in the field. You keep your devices powered up, the longer you can stay out in the field. Your gear goes down, and you no longer have much reason for being there. Portable power can be divived into three catageries:

Internal power

External power

Recharging

Internal Power

The Internal batteries inside your gear, are just as important as the gear itself. That’s why I have chosen to use a specific brand and type of battery for almost all of my devices. I use the Sanyo 2700mah NiMH AA battery. You can use whatever battery you choose, as long as they are all the same capacity and type. This makes charging and mixing between devices easy and simple. Having all kind of different batteries complicates mixing, and redices the run-time of your devices. Throw away the old NiCD and upgrade all your batteries. Dont btoher to buy any alkalines. They are no longer practical or cost effective.

External Power packs

External power packs become critical when we start talking about multi-day comms excursions. You can never carry enough internal batteries with you, but a reasonably sized 5-10 external power pack based on LIFEPO4 or NiMH cells can extend your operating times from hours to days. Im putting together my own power packs, which are 12v 5.4A respectively. I augment those power packs with a 13-25w solar panel. Use one, charge the other and vice-versa. The power packs in combination wtih high spec internal batteries, will extend ops time. Its a no-brainer. You dont have to build your own power packs. GoalZero make excellent power packs for man-portable ops, but you may have to use their solar panels as well. Thats not really a bad thing if youre searching for a commercial solution anyway.

Recharging

There are really only three solutions to recharging. The first is to recharge with solar power. The second is to recharge with a generator. The third is to recharge with mains power at a grid-tied location. As this article is about man-portable operations, I will outline my choice in this matter.

Goal Zero Guide 10 plus & Nomad 7 solar panel

Today we received the Goal Zero Guide 10 and Nomad 7 solar panel. Its the perfect addition to our QRP Expedition gear. The Nomad  can be daisy chained together to make a more powerful panel. This lego block concept allows me to piece togther the correct solution  for the particulaexcursion I’ll be on each time.

I have not had the opportunity to test to the gear in the field, but I hoep to do so in the coming weeks.

Navigation

I don’t currently own any advanced navigation systems like modern GPS units or anything like that. The main reason for this is Android smartphones and Tablets. I do have two GPS units which I have had since I started Geocaching in Switzerland 15 years ago. There certainly are faster more capable devices on the market today, but using my Android device, saves me from having to carry and power an additional device.

Samsung Galaxy Hardcover

Amateur portable operators like the RaDAR crew, often use ten digits grid coordinates to identify their location. Since I carry an Android device anyway, I use HamGPS to get my grid coordinates to within 100 meters.

Garmin Etrex

I’ve had the Garmin ETrex Legend since 2000. I purchased it specificlly for Geo-caching in the Swiss Alps. That’s 14 years ago (for you buy Chinese crap because its cheap crowd). Despite its age, it still gives good GPS accuracy, tracks, and enough information to get me where I want to go, let me know where I have been, and tell me where I am. Even if I don’t pull it out of the EDC bag, its still there just in case, always ready to put in a days work.

Garmin foreTrex 101

Sometimes you simply need a GPS for the backcountry. Thats what the etrex 101 is all about. Its not special, but it is small and able to bring you the information one needs for backcountry navigation in a such a tiny package. Its also waterproof and rugged. The eTrex 101 is nothing more than a backup GPS unit for me. It is also at times my primary tool for Geo-Caching.

Packs and equipment carrying

It must be said that I am a backpack and pouch fetishist! It seems I have a backpack for every occasion. Which pack I take along is purely up to the requirements of the outing. It’s also nice to have a choice between packs, to prevent over or under packing.

Halti Base 80 (Expedition Pack)

My Expedition pack is a completely self contained Amateur communications pack, operational from HF through UHF. It supports Digital and Voice communications.

The Pack includes:

• Yaesu FT-817ND for HF comms, including supporting comms like APRS and applicable interfaces

• Cooking and camping gear

• Solar power and storage

• Food, water bladder, and first aid

The pack was inspired by the series of videos from Guerriillacomm, where he suffered through the tourtorous process of finding a a SHTF pack solution.

One point I try to make for people going on expedition, emergency deployment, or some forced relocation during disaster or emergency is to remember that you must plan your gear with the assumption that you will loose access to your vehicle at some point, ending up on foot! So plan your gear with that possibility in mind!

Condor 3-day Assault Pack

For 1-3 day excursions, I use the Condor 3-Day Assault pack! This pack is rugged yet minimal, and offers a pragmatic features needed to get there and get back. Storage space is astonishing for something this small and comfortable. Its got a main storage area, two side pockets, external pouches for quick access gear, a water bladder area which also serves to cushion ones spine when overloaded. It’s also fully adjustable! Externally, the molle system gives me the ability to add gear capacity which I normally use for cooking and/or additional comms gear.

CamelBak Hydration Pack (1 Day Pack)

The CamelBak Hydration pack is a pack I use for day outings. Its not meant for heavy loadouts, but works perfectly for carrying the FT-817, tablet computer, food, antenna, 2 liters of water, and some rain kit. Without trying to sound like a marketing video, the Camelbaks are awesome because they (unlike the Chinese crap preppers are buying) are well made, and have a lifetime warranty! This particular pack has been to 20-25 different countries with me. From the deserts of Africa, to the highlands of Scotland. Not one stick has even broken, not one zipper, and I promise you, I beat the hell out f my gear.

Tents and shelters

I have two tents for excursions. Neither of which is expedition quality. I am trying to budget for an expedition quality tent, but until that happens, I have these touring tents, that have been with me for quite a while, and I will have to manage with these.

Small 2 man tent

The first is a small two man tent from Polo that I usually have on my motorcycle. It’s small, light weight and perfect for excursions on foot, bike, boat, or where we have weight restrictions for whatever reason.

The best feature of the Polo 2 man tent, is that it is very light weight.  The next best feature is being able to set it up within minutes. To ensure a good nights sleep, I always carry plastic tarps for placing over and under the tent if there happens to be heavy downpour.  The tarps also help make up for the light material, keeping warmth in the tent and moisture out. There is nothing else to really say about this tent!